40. Babar - King of Kabul who
established Mughal empire in India in 1526 by defeating Ibrahim Lodi and took
possession of Delhi, Agra, Punjab and Bihar. Died in 1530 in
41. Akbar - The grand son of Babar, son
of Humaun. He expanded the Mughal empire and gave stability to it.
Made friendship with Hindu kings and established a powerful
empire. He ruled between 1556 to 1605 AD. He got constructed
buildings in Fateh Pur Sikri and forts in Agra Allahabad and Lahore.
42. Jehangir - Son of Akbar. Had been king
from 1605 to 1627. Famous for his passion for justice and admiror of
arts. He made a number of gardens of which Shalimar and
Nishat in Jammu and Kashmir are famous.
43. Shahjahan - Ruled between 1627 to 1658.
Got constructed Red fort, Jama Masijid, Taj Mahal and many other
buildings. His son Aurangzeb imprisoned him and became king. He
possessed the peacock throne and Koh-i-noor.
44. Bahadur Shah Zafar
- The king between 1837
and 1857. The first war of Independence was fought under
his leadership. He was defeated by the English, who imprisoned
him and sent to Rangoon where he died. He was a good Urdu
45. Maharaja Ranjeet Singh
- He proclaimed
himself king of Punjab after winning Lahore in 1799. He was the
first Sikh king who extended his empire to Punjab, Kangra,
Jammu-Kashmir, Multan and Peshawar and brought back Kohinoor
diamond. He defeated Shah of Afghanistan. Died in 1839.
46. Shivaji - He established Hindu kingdom
in Maharashtra and was coronated in 1674. Extended his empire upto
south India and fought many battles with Aurangzeb.
47. Bala Ji Vishwanath
- Established Peshwa
kingdom in 1713. He was the Chief Minister (Peshwa) of Sahu Ji,
grandson of Shivaji. Became king himself making use of weakness
of Shahu Ji. His capital was at Pune.
48. Baji Rao I - Son of Bala ji Vishwanath.
Remained king from 1720 to 1740. He was able to extend his kingdom
to Malwa, Gujarat, Bundelkhand and some parts of south India.
He was the most powerful amongst Peshwas.