23. Basweshwar - A Shaiv saint of
Karnataka who lived in 11th century. He is said to establish
shaiva sect in Karnataka & Andhra.
24. Narsi Mehta - A staunch devotee
of Krishna of 15th century who hailed from, Junagadh. The
important Bhajan " Vaishnav Jan To Tene Kahiye" was written
25. Shankar Dev - Another Vaishnav
Saint of 15th century born in Kamrup, Assam. Wrote many
books related to Krishna devotion to uplift the religious
ground of the society and propagated Bhagwat religion. Assam
was his field of work.
26. Saynacharya and Vidyaranya - Two
learned brothers of 14th century who were equally bright in
religious and political field. Saynachanya wrote explanatory
notes on Vedas and Vidyaranya Vedant Philosophical books.
They also prepared two brother Harihar and Bukka Rai to
establish a Hindu kingdom Vijayanagaram and strengthen it
just like Chanakya did for Chandra Gupta Maurya.
27. Gyaneshwar - Born in 12th century
in Maharashtra, a nampanthi Balyogi, who wrote a book
Gyaneshwari which was a poetic transtation of Geeta. His
brothers Nivratti Nath and Sopandev and sister Mukta Bai
were also learned personalties.
28. Samarth Ram Das - Born in 17th
century in the house of Suryaji Pant in Marthwada. Fled from
the altar of marriage and meditated for many years. Led
Shiva Ji to raise a Hindu kingdom against the tyranny of
29. Purandar Das - Born in Karnataka
in 16th century, a devotee poet, of Krishna whose religious
songs are famous.
30. Birsa Munda - Born in Chhota
Nagpur of Ranchi district in 1875, Birsa Munda organised
vanvasis against English forces and struggled hard for their
cause. Imprisoned at the age of 25. Vanvasis remember him as
a god even now.
31. Raja Ram Mohan Roy (22May,1772 -
27 September,1833)- Born in Bengal, was a religious,
soical and educational reformer.Known for his efforts to
abolish Sati and Child Marriage. Founded The Brahmo Samaj.
32. Dayanand Saraswati (12 February,
1824 - 30 October, 1833) - Born in Gujrat. Founder of the
Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition.
Was the first to give the call for Swarajya -"India for
Indians" - in 1876, later taken up by Lokmaya Tilak. Author
of the book "Satyarth Prakash". Exhorted the Hindu nation to
accept social reforms like the abolition of untouchability,
sati and dowry, education of women, Swadeshi and importance
of Cows for national prosperity as well as the adoption of
Hindi as the national language for national integration.