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12. Saints and Social Reformers (contd)

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

23. Basweshwar - A Shaiv saint of Karnataka who lived in 11th century. He is said to establish shaiva sect in Karnataka & Andhra.

24. Narsi Mehta - A staunch devotee of Krishna of 15th century who hailed from, Junagadh. The important Bhajan " Vaishnav Jan To Tene Kahiye" was written by him.

25. Shankar Dev - Another Vaishnav Saint of 15th century born in Kamrup, Assam. Wrote many books related to Krishna devotion to uplift the religious ground of the society and propagated Bhagwat religion. Assam was his field of work.

26. Saynacharya and Vidyaranya - Two learned brothers of 14th century who were equally bright in religious and political field. Saynachanya wrote explanatory notes on Vedas and Vidyaranya Vedant Philosophical books. They also prepared two brother Harihar and Bukka Rai to establish a Hindu kingdom Vijayanagaram and strengthen it just like Chanakya did for Chandra Gupta Maurya.

27. Gyaneshwar - Born in 12th century in Maharashtra, a nampanthi Balyogi, who wrote a book Gyaneshwari which was a poetic transtation of Geeta. His brothers Nivratti Nath and Sopandev and sister Mukta Bai were also learned personalties.

28. Samarth Ram Das - Born in 17th century in the house of Suryaji Pant in Marthwada. Fled from the altar of marriage and meditated for many years. Led Shiva Ji to raise a Hindu kingdom against the tyranny of Mohammedan rulers.

29. Purandar Das - Born in Karnataka in 16th century, a devotee poet, of Krishna whose religious songs are famous.

30. Birsa Munda - Born in Chhota Nagpur of Ranchi district in 1875, Birsa Munda organised vanvasis against English forces and struggled hard for their cause. Imprisoned at the age of 25. Vanvasis remember him as a god even now.

31. Raja Ram Mohan Roy (22May,1772 - 27 September,1833)- Born  in Bengal, was a religious, soical and educational reformer.Known for his efforts to abolish Sati and Child Marriage. Founded The Brahmo Samaj.

32. Dayanand Saraswati (12 February, 1824 - 30 October, 1833) - Born in Gujrat. Founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. Was the first to give the call for Swarajya -"India for Indians" - in 1876, later taken up by Lokmaya Tilak. Author of the book "Satyarth Prakash". Exhorted the Hindu nation to accept social reforms like the abolition of untouchability, sati and dowry, education of women, Swadeshi and importance of Cows for national prosperity as well as the adoption of Hindi as the national language for national integration.

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